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Cuneiform tablets

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Clay tablet with cuneiform inscription.

2036 B.C.

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1 cuneiform tablet : clay ; 5 x 4 cm.
Dated from Ur or Drehem, 2nd year of Shu-Sin (2036 B.C.).
Shu-Sin, King of Ur reigned 2037-2029 B.C. Clay tablet from his reign, inscribed with seven lines of Sumerian cuneiform.

This clay tablet deals with the exchange of two sheep by an official named Urmes to the scribe named Dugg'a.

The entire surface of the tablet has been rolled with the scribe’s cylinder seal to guarantee the authenticity of the document (creating the seal impression in tiny three-dimensional relief). Apart from the owner’s name, we can see that this seal was engraved with a scene showing the standing figure of Dugg'a being presented being presented by a goddess to a seated deity.

Shu-Sin was the brother of Amar Sin and the fourth King of the Third Dynasty of Ur; his name means ‘the chosen one of the god Sin’.

University of Sydney catalogue record

Clay dedicatory cone with cuneiform inscription.

2350 B.C.

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1 cylindrical cone : clay ; 15 x 7 cm.
Clay cylindrical cone with 7 lines of Sumerian cuneiform inscription (probably the most ancient system of writing) circumscribing the upper two-thirds of the shaft.
The inscription is identical to cones no. 90874, 91037, and 91067 in the British Museum.

Inscription translates: [To the god] Ningirsu, the Mighty Warrior, Lord of the Exalted Temple, Gudea, Prince Pontiff [of] Shirpula [i.e. Lagash], its foundation he built. The Temple of E-Ninnû to Ningirsu he dedicated, and built. Its foundation he established

University of Sydney catalogue record